Making a difference: Impact report 2017



Appendix 3

A3.1 Overview of the Health Research Classification System health category codes

Category Includes
Blood Haematological diseases, anaemia, clotting and normal development and function of platelets and erythrocytes
Cancer All types of cancers (includes leukaemia)
Cardiovascular Coronary heart disease, diseases of the vasculature and circulation including the lymphatic system, and normal development and function of the cardiovascular system
Congenital Disorders Physical abnormalities and syndromes that are not associated with a single type of disease or condition including Down’s syndrome and cystic fibrosis
Ear Deafness and normal ear development and function
Eye Diseases of the eye and normal eye development and function
Infection Diseases caused by pathogens, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, sexually transmitted infections and studies of infection and infectious agents
Inflammatory and Immune System Rheumatoid arthritis, connective tissue diseases, autoimmune diseases, allergies and normal development and function of the immune system
Injuries and Accidents Fractures, poisoning and burns
Mental Health Depression, schizophrenia, psychosis and personality disorders, addiction, suicide, anxiety, eating disorders, learning disabilities, autistic spectrum disorders and studies of normal psychology, cognitive function and behaviour
Metabolic and Endocrine Diabetes, thyroid disease, metabolic disorders and normal metabolism and endocrine development and function
Musculoskeletal Osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, muscular and skeletal disorders and normal musculoskeletal and cartilage development and function
Neurological Dementias, transmissible spongiform encephalopathies, Parkinson’s disease, neurodegenerative diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis and studies of the normal brain and nervous system
Oral and Gastrointestinal Inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn’s disease, diseases of the mouth, teeth, oesophagus, digestive system including liver and colon, and normal oral and gastrointestinal development and function
Renal and Urogenital Kidney disease, pelvic inflammatory disease, renal and genital disorders, and normal development and function of male and female renal and urogenital system
Reproductive Health and Childbirth Fertility, contraception, abortion, in vitro fertilisation, pregnancy, mammary gland development, menstruation and menopause, breast feeding, antenatal care, childbirth and complications of newborns
Respiratory Asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respiratory diseases and normal development and function of the respiratory system
Skin Dermatological conditions and normal skin development and function
Stroke Ischaemic and haemorrhagic
Generic Health Relevance Research applicable to all diseases and conditions or to general health and well-being of individuals. Public health research, epidemiology and health services research that is not focused on specific conditions. Underpinning biological, psychosocial, economic or methodological studies that are not specific to individual diseases or conditions
Other Conditions of unknown or disputed aetiology or research that is not of generic health relevance and not applicable to specific health categories listed above

HRCS coding breaks research activities down into eight broad categories as outlined below.

A3.2 Overview of the Health Research Classification System research activity codes

Code Group Includes
1 Underpinning Research Research that underpins investigations into the cause, development, detection, treatment and management of diseases, conditions and ill health
2 Aetiology Identification of determinants that are involved in the cause, risk or development of disease, conditions and ill health
3 Prevention of Disease and Conditions, and Promotion of Well-Being Research aimed at the primary prevention of disease, conditions or ill health, or promotion of well-being
4 Detection, Screening and Diagnosis Discovery, development and evaluation of diagnostic, prognostic and predictive markers and technologies
5 Development of Treatments and Therapeutic Interventions Discovery and development of therapeutic interventions and testing in model systems and preclinical settings
6 Evaluation of Treatments and Therapeutic Interventions Testing and evaluation of therapeutic interventions in clinical, community or applied settings
7 Management of Diseases and Conditions Research into individual care needs and management of disease, conditions or ill health
8 Health and Social Care Services Research Research into the provision and delivery of health and social care services, health policy and studies of research design, measurements and methodologies

More information on both the health categories and research activities can be found here:

Grant Type Descriptions

AMRC ask all funders to classify awards as one of the following types when submitting yearly reports. Awards for which funders failed to supply this information were left unclassified.

A3.3 Overview of the grant type descriptions

Grant Type Description
Clinical Trial Includes any trial of medicines or treatment regimes.
Equipment (under £50,000) This should be a stand alone equipment award. If the award is for more than £50k then the award is considered an infrastructure – other award.
Fellowship Includes all types of fellowships – clinical and non-clinical. Awards for people to complete PhDs should be classed as postgraduate studentships.
Infrastructure – Buildings These are major capital awards for a new build or a contribution to a building.
Infrastructure – other (including equipment over £50,000) All other capital or infrastructure awards, including refurbishment of laboratories, large pieces of equipment costing more than £50K, or payment for other facilities such as tissue banks should be included.
Intercalated BSc (incl. Any undergraduate funding) This can include funding for intercalated BSc’s or for any undergraduate bursaries.
Lectureship Funding for a post including the salary of the person.
Meetings Funding for scientific meetings and conferences which a charity has contributed to.
Other All other awards
Postgraduate Studentship All postgraduate studentships are included in this category.
Programme Programme awards are longer term forms of support – usually a minimum of four years is necessary for a award to be classified as a programme.
Project These awards are for a more focused piece of research over a shorter period of time. These awards can be for one to three years.
Senior Personal Support This can include professorships, chairs or senior fellowships offered with more extensive funding.
Travel These are awards to enable individuals or perhaps small groups to travel to a scientific conference or to another laboratory for a short period of time. They should be specifically for that purpose and not part of a larger award.
Unit AMRC defines unit funding as a group that is largely supported by the charity but located within a university or charitable trust and which may receive some support from the host institution.